Knowing how to eat right will help you keep your blood sugar within normal range and control your diabetes. You can work with a registered dietitian or diabetes educator to help develop a specific meal plan for you. Some general guidelines include:· Eat a variety of nutrient-dense foods – Choose vegetables, whole grains, fruits, non-fat dairy, healthy fats and lean protein.
· Eat at regular times and do not skip meals – Skipping meals can cause your blood glucose to drop below normal range.
· Practice portion control - Read food labels or measure your food to ensure you are eating the right amount and not consuming excess calories.
· Control your intake of carbohydrates - Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which will cause blood glucose to rise. Try to spread out your carbohydrate intake evenly throughout the day to keep your blood glucose within normal range. Carbs provide your body with the fuel it needs for physical activity and proper brain and organ function. They are an important part of a healthy diet. Do not be misled into thinking that carbs are off limits.
· Reduce your intake of saturated fat and avoid trans fats – Choose foods that are low in saturated fat and avoid trans fats to keep your cholesterol in a healthy range to reduce your risk of a heart attack or stroke.
· Drink sugar free or diet beverages - Regular soda pop, fruit punch and powered drink mixes contain sugar. Too much sugar can cause your blood sugar to rise. Choose sugar free beverages such as diet soda, water, or unsweetened tea.